Research at ARVE focuses on how changes in the terrestrial biosphere amplify changes in the climate system by examining the interaction between soils, vegetation and the atmosphere.
A major scientific challenge of the past decade has been incorporating the three labile reservoirs of the carbon cycle: atmosphere, oceans and land, into a comprehensive modelling framework to assess the fate and impact of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The consequent development of Earth System Models of varying complexity has allowed the estimation of the importance of anthropogenic emissions and land management policy for climate. Using earth system models as a tool has led to the development of scenarios that are widely applied to predict future climate based on hypotheses about future trends in human demographic, economic and technological development. While great progress has been made, little activity has focused on a single greenhouse gas: CO2. The goal of the ARVE group is to integrate key missing components of the land-atmosphere chemical system into Earth System Models
- Development and application of the KK10 global scenario of anthropogenic land cover change over the Holocene.
- Global and regional modeling of Holocene anthropogenic land cover change.
- Environmental footprint of agriculture in prehistoric Europe: Cultural groups and subsistence variability in time and space.
- Holocene climate change based on pollen data compilation.
- Resilience and vulnerability of societies to climate variability:
Subsistence strategies and human carrying capacity in the Khmer Empire (AD 802-1431).
- Development of a Global Historical Urbanization Database.
- Holocene land cover and land use changes using pollen data.
- Holocene land cover/land use II.
- Quantifying the economic and environmental transformation of Africa during the Iron Age
- Modeling human-environment interactions in Bronze Age Eurasia
- Modeling the prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe.
Creating a high resolution, time series of anthropogenic deforestation…
- Reconstructing Holocene Vegetation
Producing Mediterranean land cover maps spanning the Holocene..
- Modeling reactive nitrogen trace gases for Earth System Models
Simulating terrestrial biosphere fluxes of N2O and NOx with ARVE-DGVM..
- Modeling dust, erosion, and soil development for Earth System Models
For evolving our global soil model we study effects of soil quality change…
- Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change
Humans have altered the Earth’s land surface…
- Which orbital forcing caused the mid-Holocene “Thermal Optimum”?
How orbital forcing brings about large climatic changes is unclear…
- A unified theory of solar, and lunar forcing
The latitudinal insolation gradient allows extraterrestrial forcing to influence climate…
- The Atmosphere-Regolith-Vegetation model
Simulating wetland dynamics, methane emissions and the …
- Wetland model intercomparison
Simulating wetland area, methane emissions, and δ13CH4…
- Adaptation planning for BC forests under pressure
Mountain pine beetle impacts devastated communities…
- Holocene climate reconstruction for Europe
We are currently working on a new climate reconstruction based on pollen data…